The Saved Victorious Group

The Saved Victorious Group

by | Jun 2, 2020 | Salafi Dawah | 0 comments

The Saved Victorious Group

By Shaykh Saleem al-Hilaalee / Translated by Maaz Qureshi [1]

 

THE SAVED SECT:

Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘And verily this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and do not follow the other paths, because they will separate you from His Path. That is what I advise you with, so that you might have taqwaa (piety).’’ [Sooratul-An’aam 6:153]

 

Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said: ‘Verily those who split up their religion and became sects, you have nothing to do with them in the least. Verily their affair is for Allaah, then they will be informed of what they used to do.’’ [Sooratul-An’aam 6:159]

 

And Allaah the Glorified said: ‘‘And do not be from amongst the polytheists who split up their religion and became sects, every party being pleased with what it has.’’ [Sooratur-Room 30:31-32]

 

From Abee Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘The Jews will divide into seventy one or seventy-two sects and my Ummah (nation) will divide into seventy-three sects.’’ [2]

 

From Abee ’Aamir ’Abdullaah Ibn Luhayy (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said:‘‘We performed the Pilgrimage (Hajj) with Mu’aawiyah Ibn Abee Sufyaan. So when we had passed Makkah, he stood to pray the noon Prayer (Salaatudh-Dhuhr), so the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘Verily the people of the two Books will divide into seventy two sects, and verily this Ummah will divide into seventy three sects – meaning: desires – all of them will be in the Fire, except one. This is the Jamaa’ah. Verily there shall come from my Ummah people having these desires flowing in them like rabies flows in a dog, it will not leave off any joint or vain, except that it will enter it.’ By Allaah O people of the Arabs, if you had not become established with what your Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came with, other people would have rushed to become established with it.’’ [3]

 

From ’Awf Ibn Maalik (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said:

The Jews will split into seventy-one sects, so one will be in Paradise and seventy will be in the Fire. And the Christians will split into seventy-two sects, so seventy-one will be in the Fire, and one will be in Paradise. Any by the One in whose Hand the soul of Muhammad is, my Ummah shall split into seventy-three sects, and one will be in Paradise and seventy-two will be in the Fire.’’ It was said: ‘Who are they O Messenger of Allaah?’ He said: ‘‘The Jamaa’ah.’’ [4]

 

From ’Abdullaah Ibn ’Umar Ibnul-’Aas (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘There will come upon my Ummah what came upon the Children of Israa’eel, hand span by handspun, to the extent that if one of them fornicated openly with his mother, there would be someone from my Ummah who would be like this. Verily the Children of Israa’eel split into seventy-two sects, and my Ummah will split up into seventy-three sects, all of them being in the Fire, except one.’’ They said: ‘And which one is that O Messenger of Allaah?’ He said: ‘‘That which I am upon today and my Companions.’’[5]

 

From Abee Umaamah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘The Children of Israa’eel split into seventy-two sects – and this Ummah will increase upon that by one, all of them will be in the Fire, except the Suwaadul-A’dtham (Great Majority).’’ [6]

 

Ahaadeeth relating to this topic have been reported by Anas Ibn Maalik, ’Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood, Jaabir Ibn ’Abdullaah, Sa’d Ibn Abee Waqqaas, Wuthaalah Ibnul-Asqa‘, Abee Dardaa‘, ’Umar Ibn ’Awf al-Muzanee, ’Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, and Abee Moosaa al-Ash’aree (radiyallaahu ’anhum). [7]

 

The ahaadeeth of division (iftiraaq) inform of the definitive basis of the division of the Ummah of Islaam, and that it is the following of the ways (sunan) of the People of the Two Books: the Jews and the Christians.

So all of the poisonous sects have been promised entry into the Fire, except one sect that will be saved from the misguided desires. And in that is an explanation and an enlightenment concerning the saved one and their methodology (manhaj) and their dealings (sulook) and their way.

 

From the most beneficial insight into the ahaadeeth of division is that they show – as clear as the night with a full moon – that the methodology of the Salaf is the path of the Saved-Sect, and that is affirmed from various angles:

 

Firstly: Division (iftiraaq) is from the ways of those upon whom is the wrath of Allaah, and those who are misguided, and the Saved-Sect does not follow their ways (sunan), nor does it traverse their path. They only ask Allaah to guide them to the Path (siraat) of those whom He blessed, as occurs in al-Faatihah: ‘‘Guide us to your Straight Path, the Path of those whom you have blessed, not of those upon whom is your wrath, nor those who are misguided.’’ [Sooratul-Faatihah 1:6-7]

 

They are those who know the truth and follow it, and there is no problem in saying that the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) are from other than them. However, it is inconceivable to say that the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) were ignorant of the truth, and that it was known by other than them. So due to this, the Salaf explained the Straight Path and its people as being the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). And with that it is clarified that the methodology of the Salaf is the way (sabeel) of the Saved-Sect.

 

Secondly: The Saved-Sect is the Jamaa’ah, and the Jamaa’ah is the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), because now, the Jamaa’ah cannot be other than the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). So it is clear that the Jamaa’ah which is after the division (iftiraaq) is firmly established upon what the Jamaa’ah before the division was upon, as is found in the hadeeth of ’Abdullaah Ibn ’Umar (radiyallaahu ’anhu). And if the matter was not like that, then there would be no proper meaning for Jamaa’ah. So this dictates that the Saved-Sect is that which is upon the methodology (manhaj) of the Salafus-Saalih, from the Companions and those who followed them in goodness (ihsaan).

 

Thirdly: Those who split off from the Jamaa’ah are the people of desires, as they were described by the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in the hadeeth of Mu’aawiyah. As for those who are saved, then they are upon guidance because they hold on to the rope of Allaah: ‘‘And hold on to the Rope of Allaah and do not become divided.’’ [Soorah Aali-’Imraan 3:103]

Indeed Allaah has informed that the one who holds on to the Rope of Allaah is guided: ‘‘And whoever holds on to the Rope of Allaah, then he will indeed be guided to the Straight Path.’’ [Soorah Aali ’Imraan 3:101]

The Straight Path is what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions were upon. So due to that, the methodology (manhaj) of the Salaf is the way of the Saved-Sect.

 

Fourthly: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) informed that salvation (najaat) is what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions were upon. This shows that the clear distinction between those who are saved and those who are destroyed is the following of the Companions in what they were upon, because that is what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was upon. Due to that, the entrustment of salvation and guidance is the methodology of the Salaf, it is the way of the Saved-Sect.

 

Fifthly: Salvation from the many differences – which resemble the sects – is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Rightly Guided Caliphs, as is found in the hadeeth of Irbaadh Ibn Saariyah (radiyallaahu ’anhu): ‘‘So whosoever from amongst you lives, then he will see many differences. So hold firmly to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Caliphs after me; hold on to it with your molar teeth and beware of newly invented matters. So verily every newly invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the Fire.’’ [8]

 

So this dictates that the methodology of the Salaf is the way of the Saved-Sect, and that is established from various angles:

  1. The ‘many differences’ are sects that deviated from the Saved-Sect.
  2. The ‘many differences’ are not from Allaah: ‘‘And if it had been from other than Allaah, you would have found in it   many differences.’’ [Sooratun-Nisaa 4:82]
  3. The Saved-Sect is safe from the differing and division, so it is upon the methodology (manhaj) from Allaah.
  4. Salvation from the differences is from the adherence to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and in the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Caliphs.
  5. Therefore, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Caliphs is the methodology (manhaj) from Allaah.
  6. Therefore, the methodology of the Salafus-Saalih is the path (sabeel) leading to salvation, so it is the path of the Saved-Sect.

 

THE VICTORIOUS GROUP:

 

From Mugheerah Ibn Shu’bah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) who said:

‘‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah, apparent upon the truth, until the Command of Allaah comes and they are apparent.’’ [9]

 

From Mu’aawiyah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said: I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: ‘‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah, upholding the affair of Allaah, not being harmed by those who seek to mislead them, nor by those who oppose them, until the Command of Allaah comes and they are upon that.’’ [10]

 

From Thawbaan (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah apparent upon the truth. They will not be harmed by those who forsake them until the Command of Allaah comes and they are like that.’’ [11]

 

From Jaabir Ibn ’Abdullaah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: ‘‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah fighting upon the truth, until the Day of Judgement.’’ [12]

 

From ’Imraan Ibn Husayn (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘There will always remain a group from my Ummah fighting upon the truth, apparent over those who burden them, until the last of them fight the Maseehud-Dajjaal (Anti-Christ).’’ [13]

 

From Qurah Ibn Iyaas al-Muzanee (radiyallaahu ’anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘When the people of Shaam become corrupt, then there will be no good in you. There shall always remain a group from my Ummah, victorious, those who forsake them will not be able to harm them, until the Hour is established.’’ [14]

 

Ahaadeeth relating to this topic have been reported by Jaabir Ibn Samurah, Sa’d Ibn Abee Waqqaas, ’Uqbah Ibn ’Aamir, ’Abdullaah Ibn ’Umar Ibnul-’Aas, Zayd Ibn Arqam, Abee Hurayrah, ’Umar Ibnul-Khattaab, Salamah Ibn Nufayl al-Kandee, Nuwaas Ibn Sam’aan, Abee Umaamah al-Baahilee, Murah Ibn Ka’b al-Fahree, Sharaaaheel Ibnus-Samt, Mu’aadth Ibn Jabal and Abee ’Unbah al-Khawlaanee – may Allaah be pleased with all of them. [15]

 

The ahaadeeth of the Victorious Group inform that the continuation of good in the Ummah of Islaam id due to the adherence to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions. That is confirmed from various angles:

 

Firstly: The Victorious Group is the Saved-Sect, there is no difference because it consists of one reality.

 

Imaam al-Aajurree (d.360H) said:‘‘So his statement: ‘So it shall return to being something strange…’ [16] Its meaning – and Allaah knows best – is that there will be many misguided desires, so many of the people will become misguided by them. There will remain the people upon the truth who will be upon the Sharee’ah (Divinely revealed Law) of Islaam, strangers amongst the people. Have you not heard the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): ‘My Ummah will split into seventy three sects, all of them being in the Fire except one.’ So it was said: Who are the saved ones? He said: ‘Those who are upon what I am upon today and my Companions.’’’ [17]

 

Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab (d.751H) said: ‘‘As for the fitnah (trials/tribulations) of doubt and misguided desires, then the reason for it is the splitting of the Muslims and their becoming sects, and their declaring each other to be disbelievers, and their becoming sects and groups and parties after them being brothers in their hearts upon the heart of one man. So none of these sects will be saved except one, and they are the ones mentioned in his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) statement: ‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah apparent upon the truth. Those who forsake them will not be able to harm them, until the Command of Allaah comes and they are upon that.’ And in the later ages, they are the strangers mentioned in these ahaadeeth.’’ [18]

 

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) says in the introduction to his book al-’Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah: ‘‘To proceed, So this is the creed (I’tiqaad) of the Saved Victorious Group, Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah.’’ [19] Then he said in the conclusion of the same book: ‘‘However, when the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) informed that this Ummah would split into seventy-three sects, all of them being in the Fire except one and it is the Jamaa’ah; there occurs in a hadeeth from him (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) that he said: ‘‘They are upon the likeness of what I am upon today, and my Companions.’’ It refers to those who hold fast to Islaam, the descent pure from defilement.

They are Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, and from amongst them are the Saadiqeen (truthful ones), and the Shuhadaa (martyrs), and the Saalihoon (righteous ones). And amongst them are those who know the guidance, and the illuminators of darkness, and those whose great deeds have been narrated and who virtues have been mentioned. And amongst them are the abdaal, [20] and amongst them are the scholars of the Religion, and they are the Victorious Group about whom the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘There shall always remain a group from my Ummah, victorious upon the truth. Those who forsake them or oppose them will not be able to harm them, until the Hour is established.’’ We ask Allaah to make us from them, and not to allow our hearts to deviate after He has guided us.’’ [21]

 

Imaam al-Laalikaa‘ee (d.418H) said: ‘‘So this is the Victorious Group, the Saved-Sect, the Guided Clique, the trustworthy Jamaa’ah holding fast to the Sunnah.’’ [22]

 

This is what has become clear to the people of knowledge from the Salaf and if reflected upon, the descriptions of the Victorious Group and the Saved-Sect are not found to have contradictions or differences between them. Indeed the authentic reports mentioned from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) specify descriptions of the Victorious Group and the Saved-Sect in methodology (manhaj) and condition (haal) and in reality (waaqi’) and in the resulting consequence (maal). As for the methodology and condition, then indeed three phrases have been mentioned in illumination of its definition:

  1. ‘‘What I am upon today, and my Companions.’’
  2. ‘‘The Jamaa’ah.’’
  3. ‘‘The Great Majority (as-Suwaadul-A’dtham).’’

So these prophetic phrases are in agreement, not differing, they are harmonious, not in opposition, they are the same, not varying, as al-Aajurree explained. So he said: ‘‘Then he – may the Prayers and Peace of Allaah be upon him – was asked: Which is the Saved Sect? So he – may prayers and peace be upon him – said in the hadeeth: ‘‘That which I am upon today, and my Companions.’’ And he said in a hadeeth: ‘‘The Great Majority (as-Suwaadul-A’dtham).’’ And he said in a hadeeth: ‘‘One is in Paradise and it is the Jamaa’ah.’’ So I say their meaning in one, if Allaah the Exalted wills.’’ [23] This Victorious Group is the Jamaa’ah, because the Jamaa’ah is what agrees with the truth, even if it is one person.

 

From ’Umar Ibn Maymoon al-Awdee who said: Mu’aadth Ibn Jabal came to us in the time of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), so love for him developed in my heart. So I clung to him until he was buried in the sand of Shaam, then I clung to the most knowledgeable of people after him: ’Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood. So one day, delaying the Prayer from its time was mentioned to him, so he said: ‘‘Pray in your houses and make your Prayer with them a supererogatory prayer.’’ So I said to him: Then how will we be in the Jamaa’ah? So he said to me: ‘‘O ’Umar Ibn Maymoon! Verily the Majority of people are those who have separated from the Jamaa’ah. The Jamaa’ah is only that which agrees with the obedience to Allaah, even if you are one person.’’ [24]

 

Imaam Aboo Shaamah (d.665H) said: ‘‘When the command to cling to the Jamaa’ah comes, then the meaning is to adhere to the truth and to follow it, even if those who hold onto to it are few and the opponents are many. This is because the truth is what the first Jamaa’ah from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions (radiyallaahu ’anhum) were upon. And do not look at the great numbers of the people of falsehood after them.’’ [25]

 

So with this it becomes clear the Victorious Group and Saved-Sect is the Suwaadul-A’dtham.

 

Ishaaq Ibn Raahawayh (d.238H) said: ‘‘If you ask the ignorant people about the Suwaadul-A’dtham, they will say it is the majority of the people. They do not know that the Jamaa’ah is the scholar ho holds on to the narrations of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his path. So whoever is with him and follows him, then he is the Jamaa’ah.’’ [26]

 

Imaam ash-Shaatibee (d.790H) said: ‘‘So look at what he (Ishaaq Ibn Raahawayh) mentions in explanation of the error of the one who thinks that the Jamaa’ah is the majority of the people, even if there is no scholar amongst them; and this is the understanding of the common-folk, not the understanding of the scholars. So let the person who agrees plant his feet in those places where slips occur, so that he does not deviate from the correct path, and there is not success except with Allaah’’[27]

 

Ibn Hibbaan (d.354H) said: ‘‘The command to adhere to the Jamaa’ah is general in wording, and its meaning is specific. Because the Jamaa’ah is the consensus (ijmaa’) of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). So whoever clings to what they were upon and leaves off what occurred after them, then he has not broken off from the Jamaa’ah, nor separated from it. Whoever restrains himself from them and follows those who came after them, he has separated from the Jamaa’ah. The Jamaa’ah after them are the people who are united upon the Religion and the intellect and the knowledge, and they adhere to the leaving off of desires, even if they are few in number. They are not the riffraff (awbaash) from the people, even if they are many.’’ [28]

 

There is no doubt that the Victorious Group is upon what the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions were upon. So with this it becomes clear that the distinguishing sign of the methodology of the Saved-Sect and the Victorious Group is the Book and the Sunnah with the understanding of the Salaf of the Ummah; Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and those who were with him and those who followed them in goodness, until the Day of Judgement.

 

As for the reality (waaqi’) and the resulting consequence (maal), then indeed it has been mentioned that this group is saved and victorious, without fault or error. So in this world, it is saved from the differing and innovations and it is saved from the Fire in the Hereafter. It is victorious in the world due to its being apparent upon the truth, and it is victorious in the Hereafter due to its achievement which places it in the gardens of Paradise, in the chair of truthfulness with the King of Power.

 

CLEARING A MISCONCEPTION:

 

Indeed some of the present day callers think that victory cannot exist except for those who fight. So due to that they allege that the Victorious Group is other than the Saved-Sect, and this is self-delusion which has overtaken them, it is not established upon truth, nor does it have any proofs. Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘And indeed Our Word has preceded for Our servants, the messengers, that they will be given victory. And Our soldiers will be those who overcome.’’ [Sooratus-Saaffaat 37:171-173]

 

So can this victory which is promised by the Lord of the Worlds to His messengers and the Believers by in the muddy battlefields?! And is the Day of Judgement a day established for the martyrs? Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘And indeed we conferred favour upon Moosaa and Haaroon, and We saved them and their people from the great affliction. And We supported them, so it was they who overcame.’’ [Sooratus-Saaffaat 37:114-116]

 

So was the victory (intisaar) of Moosaa and Haaroon over Fir’awn and Haamaan and Qaaroon in the arenas of combat and in the field of battle and with the enlistment of falsehood, or was it from the fruits of their patience and perseverance and steadfastness and the taqwaa (fear) of Allaah? Allaah the Exalted said: ‘‘If you do not aid him, Allaah has already aided him (the Prophet), when those who drove him out as one of two, when they were in the cave and he said to his companion: Do not be sad, Allaah is with us. So Allaah sent down His tranquility upon him and supported him with soldiers (angels) and you did not see when He made the word of those who disbelieved the lowest, while the Word of Allaah is the highest. And Allaah is Mighty and Wise.’’ [Sooratut-Tawbah 9:40]

 

So is the victory of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) during the course of his hijrah (desertion) the opposite of what is found in the arenas of combat, or is the salvation from the suffering of disbelief and its clutches and their (the disbelievers) not reaching them the victory So the argument presented is that the Saved-Sect is the Victorious Group and there is a popular principle for this, so is the Saved-Sect isolated from victory and its causes? Of course not, rather it has the most important element necessary for victory.

 

Firstly: From Mus’ab Ibn Sa’d who said: I saw Sa’d and he had virtue over those below him, so the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘Are you given victory, except due to your weak ones?’’ [29] And there occurs in a narration: ‘‘Allaah only helps this Ummah due to its weak ones, by their supplications, their prayers, and their sincerity.’’ [30] Therefore, their weak ones are effective and deserving of victory, and with this it becomes clear that there is no difference between the Saved-Sect and the Victorious Group, and that differentiating between them is from the innovations of this era.

 

Secondly: The Victorious Group is apparent upon the truth, not budging from it. So indeed in the various and numerous wordings of these ahaadeeth is an explanation that this group will be upon the truth which Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions were upon, without distortion, alteration, and without false interpretations (ta‘weel) and attributions. So some of these ahaadeeth state that they are ‘upon the truth’, and others state that they are ‘upon the Command of Allaah’, while others state that they are ‘upon this matter’, while others yet state that they are ‘upon the Religion’; so this necessitates that they are indeed upon the truth. And indeed it has already preceded that the truth is what the Salafus-Saalih were upon, therefore, the methodology of the Salafus-Saalih is the way of the Victorious Group.

 

Thirdly: The Victorious Group is not harmed by those who oppose it, nor by those who forsake it. The only difference with the blameworthy sects is that they oppose the Victorious Group and the Saved-Sect. So since the sects are not upon the methodology of the Salaf, then the Victorious Group is the one which is firmly established upon the methodology of the Salafus-Saalih.

 

Fourthly: The Victorious Group is established upon the Command of Allaah, embarking upon the Call to Allaah to rectify the people with the Book and the Sunnah. And there is no way to do that, except with the understanding of the Salafus-Saalih.

 

Fifthly: The Victorious Group is apparent until the Day of Judgement, and being apparent involves many meanings, from them:

 

[A]: The clearness and clarity and lack of anonymity, and this is a characteristic of the methodology of the Salaf; that is the clearness of the manhaj (methodology) and the openness of the da’wah, as has preceded.

 

Ibnul-Jawzee (d.597H) said: ‘‘So it becomes clear due to what we have mentioned that the people of the Sunnah are those who follow, and the people of innovation are those who manifest something which was not there before, and there is no support for it. So due to this, they become concealed by their innovation, and the people of the Sunnah do not conceal their madthab (way), so their word is apparent, and their madthab is well-known, so the outcome is in their favour.’’ [31]

 

’Umar Ibn ’Abdul-’Azeez (d.101H) said: ‘‘If you see a people secretly discussing their Religion to the exclusion of the common-folk, then know that they are founded upon falsehood.’’ [32] And he said in what he wrote as advice: ‘‘Look at what is related from the Messenger of Allaah, then write it. So verily the lessons of knowledge and the outings of the scholars have died down; and do not accept anything but the hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). And let yourself attain knowledge, and let yourself sit until you can teach those who do not know. So verily the knowledge does not destroy until it is kept secret.’’ [33]

 

[B]: The consolidation of the truth with their selves and their steadfastness upon it, and not preventing anything from it, and not being distracted from the matter.

 

And this is a quality of the Party (hizb) of Allaah: ‘‘O you who believe, whoever from amongst you apostates from his Religion, then Allaah will bring a people in their place whom He will love and who will love Him. They will be humble towards the Believers and powerful against the disbelievers. They strive in the way of Allaah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favour of Allaah, He gives it to whomever He wills. And Allaah is All Encompassing and All Knowing.’’ [Sooratul-Maa‘idah 5:54]

 

There is not doubt that the Party of Allaah is Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and those who are with him from pious companions, and those who followed them in goodness: ‘‘Allaah has written: I will surely overcome, I and My messengers. Verily Allaah is Powerful and Mighty. You will not find a people who love Allaah and the Last Day having affection for those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger, even if they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. He has written faith in their hearts and has supported them with a spirit from Him. We will enter them into gardens underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever. Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with him. These are the Party of Allaah, verily the Party of Allaah is successful.’’ [Sooratul-Mujaadilah 58:21-22]

 

[C]: Victory, consolidation, reign, and triumph is not befitting, except for the methodology of the Salaf.

 

Sixthly: The Victorious Group is patient and perseveres until the Command of Allaah comes and they are like that. Indeed the Messenger of Allaah named the second strangeness of Islaam when he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) elucidated the patience of the Saved-Sect and the firm grounding of the Victorious Group as ‘days of patience’, as is found in the hadeeth of Abee Tha’labah al-Khushanee (radiyallaahu ’anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘Verily in front of you are days of patience. Patience in these days is like holding on to hot coals. The one who is patient in these days gets the reward of fifty men who do the like of his action.’’ They said: O Messenger of Allaah, Do they get the reward of fifty of their men? He said: ‘‘The reward of fifty of your men.’’ [34]

 

The reward in the days of patience is only for those who cling firmly to the methodology of the Salaf, as is found in the hadeeth of ’Utbah Ibn Ghazwaan (radiyallaahu ’anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: ‘‘Verily in front of you are days of patience. The one who holds fast in these days to what you are upon will have the reward of fifty of you.’’ They said: O Prophet of Allaah, from us or from them? He said: ‘‘Yes, from you.’’ [35]

 

Seventhly: The people of knowledge from Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah have a consensus that the Victorious Group is the Salafus-Saalih, the people of Hadeeth. Indeed the word of the people of knowledge is united that the people of Hadeeth are the Victorious Group and the Saved-Sect.

 

’Abdullaah Ibnul-Mubaarak (d.181H) said: ‘‘According to me, they are the people of Hadeeth.’’ [36]

 

’Alee Ibnul-Madeenee (d.233H) said: ‘‘They are the people of Hadeeth, those who supported the ways of the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and who defend the knowledge. If it were not for them, you would not have found anything with the Mu’tazilah and the Raafidhah, and the Jahmiyyah and the people of Irjaa‘ from the Sunnah.’’ And in another narration he said: ‘‘The most doomed of people are the Mu’tazilah, the Raafidhah, the Jahmiyyah, and the people of Irjaa‘.’’ [37] [38]

 

Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (d.241H) said: ‘‘If they are not the people of Hadeeth, then I do not know who they are.’’ [39]

 

Ahmad Ibn Sinaan al-Haafidh said: ‘‘They are the people of knowledge and the people of narrations.’’ [40]

 

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Ismaa’eel al-Bukhaaree (d.256H) said: ‘‘It means the people of Hadeeth.’’ [41]

 

Imaam at-Tirmidthee (d.279H) used the previous statement of ’Alee Ibnul-Madeenee as a proof, then he said: ‘‘The explanation (tafseer) of ‘Jamaa’ah’ according to the people of knowledge is that they are the people of knowledge and fiqh, and Hadeeth.’’ [42]

 

So this explanation is concurrently reported (mutawaatir) from the people of knowledge such as Ibn Hibbaan, [43] Ibn Qutaybah, [44] al-Aajurree, [45] Ibnul-Jawzee, [46] al-Haakim, [47] al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee, [48] al-Baghawee, [49] and an-Nawawee. [50] And many others besides these have said the same, [51] to the extent that after long and extensive research, I was unable to find anything in contradiction to what supports the ijmaa’ (consensus) that an-Nawawee quotes concerning this. [52]. And it is known by necessity that the people of Hadeeth are the Salafus-Saalih, and due to that, their methodology (manhaj) is the way (sabeel) of the Saved Victorious Group. [53]

 

Footnotes:

[1] The following is taken from Basaa‘ir Dhush-Sharaf (p. 91-110) of Saleem al-Hilaalee.

[2] Hasan: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4596), at-Tirmidthee (no. 2640), Ibn Maajah (no. 3991), Ahmad (2/332) and al-Haakim (1/61).

[3] Hasan: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4597), Ahmad (4/102), ad-Daarimee (2/158) and al-Haakim (1/128).

[4] Hasan: Related by Ibn Maajah (no. 3992).

[5] Hasan: Related by at-Tirmidthee (no. 2641) and al-Haakim (1/128-129).

[6] Hasan: Related by al-Bayhaqee (8/188), and by Aboo Nu’aym al-Asbahaanee in Akhbaarul-Asbahaan (1/286).

[7] Indeed I have spoken about these ahaadeeth in detail in my book Nasahul-Ummah fee Fahmi Ahaadeeth Iftiraaqil-Ummah, so the reader may refer to it.

[8] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4607), at-Tirmidthee (no. 2676), Ibn Maajah (no. 43-44), ad-Daarimee (1/44-45), Ahmad (4/126), al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/95-96) and in al-Madkhal illas-Saheeh (1/1). It was also related by al-Bayhaqee in as-Sunanul-Kubraa (10/114).

[9] Saheeh: Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 3640) and by Muslim (no. 1921).

[10] Saheeh: Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 3641) and by Muslim (no. 1037).

[11] Saheeh: Related by Muslim (no. 1920).

[12] Saheeh: Related by Muslim (no. 1923).

[13] Saheeh: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 2484), Ahmad (4/429) and al-Haakim (4/45).

[14] Saheeh: Related by at-Tirmidthee (2/92), Ahmad (3/436) and by ’Alee Ibnul-Ja’l in his Musnad (no. 1111).

[15] So due to this, a group from the people of knowledge have declared this narration to be mutawaatir (concurrent), such as Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in Iqtidaa‘us-Siraatil-Mustaqeem (p. 6), and as-Suyootee in al-Azhaarul-Mutanaathirah (p. 216). I have also declared it as such in my book Nadthmul-Mutanaathir (p. 93), and there is also az-Zubaydee in as-Saqatul-Laalee (no. 68-71), and our Shaykh [al-Albaanee] has also declared it as such in Salaatul-’Eedayn (p. 39-40).

[16] Saheeh: Related by Muslim (no. 146).

[17] Sifatul-Ghurabaa (p. 27)

[18] Kashful-Kurbah (p. 22)

[19] Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (1/393)

[20] Translators Note: It should be noted that the term Abdaal was a term known amongst the Salaf and other early scholars as mentioned by as-Sakhaawee in al-Maqaasid, Ibn Taymiyyah in al-Waasitiyyah and al-Albaanee. What is differed about is what it refers to – the strongest opinion is that it refers to the people of Hadeeth as mentioned by a number of early scholars amongst them al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee in his Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth.

[21] Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (1/411)

[22] Sharh Usoolul-I’tiqaad (1/24)

[23] ash-Sharee’ah (1/125)

[24] Saheeh: Related in Sharh Usoolul-I’tiqaad (no. 160) of al-Laalikaa‘ee, and in Taareekh Dimashq (13/322/2). It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Takhreejul-Mishkaatil-Masaabeeh (1/61).

[25] al-Baa’ith ’alaa Inkaaril-Bida’ wal-Hawaadith (p. 22)

[26] Related by Aboo Nu’aym in Hilyatul-Awliyaa (9/239)

[27] al-I’tisaam (2/267)

[28] Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan (8/44)

[29] Saheeh: Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 2896)

[30] Saheeh: Related by an-Nisaa‘ee (6/45)

[31] al-Muntaqan-Nafees min Talbees Iblees (p. 40)

[32] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad in az-Zuhd (p. 48) and by ad-Daarimee (1/91).

[33] Related in Fathul-Baaree (1/194)

[34] Hasan Due to Witnesses: Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4341) and by at-Tirmidthee (no. 3056) and Ibn Maajah (no. 4014), who declared it hasan (good). It is reported by an-Nisaa‘ee in al-Kubraa (9/137) and Ibn Hibbaan (no. 1850) and Aboo Nu’aym in al-Hilyatul-Awliyaa (2/30), and al-Haakim (4/322).

[35] Hasan Due to Other Than Itself: Related by Ibn Nasr al-Mazwazee in as-Sunnah (p. 9).

[36] Related by al-Haafidh al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee in Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth (p. 26).

[37] Related by at-Tirmidthee (no. 2192, 2229), and in Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth (p. 10, 27) and by Ibnul-Jawzee in Talbees Iblees (p. 18)

[38] Translators Note: Here the term ‘Ahlul-Irjaa‘’ means: the Murji‘ah, those who reject that actions are a part of eemaan (faith) and they say that eemaan is affirmation of the heart and statement of the tongue only. The extreme from amongst them limit eemaan to belief of the heart only. They also deny that eemaan increases and decreases. Refer to al-Maqaalaat (1/214) and al-Farq baynal-Firaq (p.202).

[39] Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth (p. 27)

[40] Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth (p. 27)

[41] Ibid.

[42] Sunanut-Tirmidthee (4/267)

[43] al-Ihsaan fee Taqreeb Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan (1/14)

[44] Ta‘weel Mukhtaliful-Hadeeth (p. 51)

[45] al-Arba’een (p. 55)

[46] Talbees Iblees (p. 16)

[47] Ma’rifah ’Uloomil-Hadeeth (p. 2-3)

[48] Sharaf Ashaabul-Hadeeth (p. 7-10)

[49] Sharhus-Sunnah (4/213)

[50] Sharh Saheeh Muslim (13/16-17)

[51] Refer to their compiled statements and gain benefit from them, for verily the misguidance has been done away with in the book Ahlul-Hadeeth hum Taa‘ifatul-Mansooratin-Naajiyah by our elder brother, Shaykh, Dr. Rabee’ Ibn Haadee ’Umayr al-Madkhalee; may Allaah preserve and protect him.

[52] Tahdheebul-Asmaa wal-Lughaat (1/17)

[53] Refer to the book al-Intisaar li Ahlil-Hadeeth by our noble brother, Dr. Abee Maalik Muhammad Ibn ’Umar Saalim.

 

 

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