The Sacrifice (Udhhiyah)
The sacrifice – to slaughter an animal, a Camel, Cow, sheep or a Ram….depending on ones financial ability is an obligation upon those who are able, those who have been blessed with wealth.
Allaah says: Say; (O Muhammad). Indeed my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allaah, the Lords of the Worlds” Soorah an-Naam 6:162
It is to be carried out for the sake of Allaah like all other worship and good deeds and thus seek nearness to Allaah. It is to be done after the Eidul-Adhha Salat and can be done in the Tasreeq days, the three days following the Eid.
Abu Hurairah radhi’Allaahu anhu narrated that; The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alaihi wa salaam said; “Whoever has the capability and does not offer a sacrifice, then let him not approach our Musallah” (Hasan by Ahmad 1/321)
Jundub Bin Abdullaah al-Bajalee said: I witnessed the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam say on the Day of an-Nahr (slaughtering). Whomsoever slaughtered before prayer, then let him replace it with another sacrifice and whomsoever has not slaughtered then let him slaughter (Bukhari 5562)
This shows the obligation of slaughtering for those who are capable.
Whoever is the head of the household and anyone who is financially able to offer a sacrifice, then it is obligatory to do so on behalf of oneself and the family.
One who intends to make the Udhiya/Qurbani, must not remove any hair, bodily hair, from the head, moustash, hair from their private areas and nails. This prohibition takes effect from the first day of Dhul-Hijjah until the day of Eid, after the sacrifice. Rasool sallalaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “When the (first) ten days (of Dhul-Hijja) come and one of you wants to offer a sacrifice, then let him not remove anything from his hair or from his skin (finger nails)”. (Muslim 1977)
The recommended Sunnah is to slaughter in the land, area or locality one resides in, this is so as to eat from it, store and give it out. Rasool sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said; “Eat, store and give sadakah”. (Bukhari 5569)
If one is not able to go to a farm to do it them self on the day of Eid after Eid Salat, then there are certain reliable Butchers like ‘Dial Halal in Walthamstow; who do the slaughtering on the day of Eid, if not possible then the Tasreeq days.
The slaughtering on the day of Eid is Ibaadah (worship), it has to be done with having the correct Islamic Aqeedah, for the sake of Allaah and according to the Sunnah.
It is not for the purpose of feeding the poor, it is for oneself and the family. If one has extra money, then one can give Sadakah to purchase a second animal to slaughter and give to the poor. This can be done by sending the money abroad to a Muslim country, through relatives or a reliable charity for the poor and with the Sadakah money buy an animal, slaughter and to be given out to the poor.
* For more reading please refer to; The Ruling Concerning the Two Eids from the Purified Sunnah By Shaykh Ali Hasan al-Halabi