The Principles of True Worship

The Principles of True Worship

by | Jun 1, 2020 | Aqīdah, Articles, Knowledge | 0 comments

THE PRINCIPLES OF TRUE WORSHIP:

 

أولا : أنها توقيفيه _ بمعنى أنه لا مجال للرأي فيها بل لا بد أن يكون المشرع لها هو الله سبحانه وتعالى

First: It is Tawqifiyah, which means that there is no place for opinion in it, but its legislator is Allaah,

 

as Allaah Says to his Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, (what means):

فاستقم كما أمرت ومن تاب معك ولا تطغوا

{So remain on a right course as you have been commanded, [you] and those who have repented with you [to Allaah], and do not transgress.} [Quran 11:112].

 

Allaah also says (what means):

ثم جعلناك على شريعة من الأمر فاتبعها ولا تتبع أهواء الذين لا يعلمون

{Then We put you, [O Muhammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم], on an ordained way concerning the matter [of religion]; so follow it and do not follow the inclinations of those who do not know.} [Quran 45:18].

 

Moreover, Allaah ordained his Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, to say (what means):

إن اتبع إلا ما يوحى إلي

{I only follow that which is revealed to me.} [Quran 46:9].

 

 

*ثانيا : لا بد أن تكون العبادة خالصة لله تعالى من شوائب الشرك كما قال تعالى

Second: Acts of worship should be purely and sincerely devoted to Allaah and free from all kinds of Shirk (i.e. associating partners to Allaah),

 

as Allaah Says (what means):

فمن كان يرجو لقاء ربه فليعمل عملا صالحا ولا يشرك بعبادة ربه أحدا

{So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord (i.e. Allaah), let him do righteous deeds and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.} [Quran 18:110].

 

That is because if the worship is associated with any Shirk, Allaah will invalidate it, as He says (what means):

ولو أشركوا لحبط عنهم ما كانوا يعملون

{But if they had associated others with Allaah, then worthless for them would be whatever they were doing.} [Quran 6:88].

 

Allaah further says (what means):

ولقد أوحي إليك وإلى الذين من قبلك لئن أشركت ليحبطن عملك

ولتكونن من الخاسرين ، بل الله فاعبد وكن من الشاكرين

{And it was already revealed to you and to those before you that if you should associate [anything] with Allaah, your work would surely become worthless, and you would surely be among the losers. Rather, worship [only] Allaah and be among the grateful.} [Quran 39: 65-66].

 

 

ثالثا : لا بد أن يكون القدوة في العبادة والمبين لها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم كما قال تعالى

Third: The example who should be followed in acts of worship and the one who should have clarified them should be the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم,

 

as Allaah Says (what means):

لقد كان لكم في رسول الله أسوة حسنة

{Indeed, in the Messenger of Allaah [Muhammad, صلى الله عليه وسلم] you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for the meeting with Allaah and the Last Day, and [who] remembers Allaah much.} [Quran 33:21].

 

Allaah also says (what means):

وما آتاكم الرسول فخذوه وما نهاكم عنه فانتهوا

{And whatever the Messenger has given you – take; and what he has forbidden you – refrain from.} [Quran 59:7].

 

Furthermore, the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said:

من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever introduces an act that is not in accordance with ours (concerning religion),  it will be rejected.”

 

Another narration reads:

من أحدث في أرنا هذا ما ليس منه فهو رد

“Whoever introduces into this matter of ours [Islam] that which is not a part of it, it will be rejected.”

 

The Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, also said:

صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي

”Pray [perform the prayer] as you see me praying.”

 

He, صلى الله عليه وسلم, further said:

خذوا عني مناسككم

”Take from me your rituals [of Hajj and ‘Umrah].”

 

There are many other verses and Prophetic narrations in this regard.

 

 

رابعا : أن العبادة محددة بمواقيت ومقادير لا يجوز تعديها وتجاوزها كالصلاة مثلا ، قال تعالى

Fourth: Acts of worship are restricted by time and proportion which one is not permitted to exceed. For instance,

 

Allaah Says about the prayer (what means):

إن الصلاة كانت على المؤمنين كتابا موقوتا

{Indeed, the prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.} [Quran 4:103];

 

And about Hajj; Allaah Says (what means):

الحج أشهر معلومات

{The Hajj is [during] well-known months.} [Quran 2:197];

 

And about fasting, Allaah Says (what means):

شهر رمضان الذي أنزل فيه القرآن هدى للناس وبينات من الهدى والفرقان ،

 فمن شهد منكم الشهر فليصمه

{The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it.} [Quran 2:185].

 

 

 

خامسا : لا بد أن تكون العبادة قائمة على محبة الله تعالى والذل له والخوف ورجائه

Fifth: Acts of worship must be based on the love of Allaah and submission to Him, and fear [of His Punishment] and hope [for His Mercy],

 

 

Allaah Says (what means):

أولئك الذين يدعون يبتغون إلى ربهم الوسيلة أيهم أقرب ويرجون رحمته ويخافون عذابه

{Those whom they invoke seek means of access to their Lord, [striving as to] which of them would be nearest, and they hope for His Mercy and fear His Punishment.} [Quran 17:57].

 

Furthermore, Allaah Says about his Prophets, may Allaah exalt their mention, (what means):

إنهم كانوا يسارعون في الخيرات ويدعوننا رغبا ورهبا وكانوا لنا خاشعين

{Indeed, they used to hasten to good deeds and supplicate Us in hope and fear, and they were to Us humbly submissive.} [Quran 21:90].

 

In another verse, Allaah Says (what means):

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللّهُ

وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللّهُ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ *

قُلْ أَطِيعُواْ اللّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ فإِن تَوَلَّوْاْ فَإِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْكَافِرِينَ

{Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allaah, then follow me, [so] Allaah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. “Say, “Obey Allaah and the Messenger”, but if they turn away, then indeed, Allaah does not like the disbelievers.} [Quran 3:31-32].

 

In the above verses, Allaah mentions the signs and the fruits for His Love, the most important of which is following and obeying the Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, and obeying Allaah; as regards its fruits, it is that Allaah will love us, forgive our sins and have mercy upon us.

 

 

سادسا : أن العبادة لا تسقط عن المكلف من بلوغه عاقلا إلى وفاته

Sixth: A pubescent is not exempted from the acts of worship as soon as he becomes pubescent until his death, as long as he is in a sound mind.

 

Allaah Says (what means):

واعبد ربك حتى يأتيك اليقين

{And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty [i.e., death].} [Quran 15:99].           

The above six matters are the conditions of a correct and acceptable worship which Allaah legislated, and He ordered His Prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, to convey it to all the people.

 

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