Ruling on putting pictures of men and women on Facebook and in chat rooms
I heard a fatwa forbidding pictures of women and men, such as icons in chat rooms, and also pictures of children. This is also includes pictures of animals such as a picture of a cat or rabbit as an icon? Is this fatwa correct? What pictures is it haraam to put?.
Praise be to Allaah.
Making images or pictures of animate beings, including humans, birds and animals, is not permissible because of the evidence which indicates that making images is forbidden and that the one who does that is cursed.
No exception is made from that apart from cases of necessity or urgent need, such as identification pictures (passport, drivers license etc) and the like.
This prohibition applies to:
Fixed images, whether they are on paper, fabric, walls and so on. As for images that are not fixed and cannot be shown except by means of equipment, such as digital pictures that are taken with the camera on a mobile phone or computer, which appear on the screen and then disappear, they are not included in this prohibition, as was stated by several scholars.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: Images made by modern means are of two types:
(i) Those that cannot be seen independently, as I have been told is the case with images made on videotapes. There is no ruling on these at all and they do not come under the prohibition at all. Hence they were permitted by the scholars who forbid making images with cameras that are printed on paper, and they said: There is nothing wrong with this
(ii) Those that are printed on paper…
End quote from ash-Sharh al-Munti‘, 2/197
Shaykh Dr. Khaalid al-Mushayqih (may Allah preserve him) was asked: I take pictures of my little children with the camera on my mobile phone for memories, but I read that pictures for memories are haraam according to sharee‘ah. Does this come under this shar‘i prohibition on image making, or is it okay to take pictures with the camera on the mobile phone? What is the evidence for this? I also read that pictures on computers and mobile phones are not regarded as “images”, because they are stored in memory and are not printed on paper, hence they do not prevent the angels from entering. If I open the picture on the mobile phone or computer, will that make the angels leave or not? I hope that you can reply in detail because this matter is very confusing. May Allah reward you with good.
He replied: Pictures that are on mobile phones or in computers, or that are videoed, do not come under the ruling on photographs because they are not fixed and do not last, unless they are extracted and printed. Based on that, there is nothing wrong with keeping them on the mobile phone so long as they do not include anything haraam. And Allah knows best.
End quote from the Shaykh’s website.
Based on that, if you took the pictures with a mobile phone or digital camera, then you went on the computer and put them in the chat room without printing them in any fixed form, that does not come under the prohibition on image making. But it is not allowed to put pictures of women in chat rooms because that may result in temptation and provocation of desires.
And Allah knows best
What is the ruling on recording by video cameras and digital cameras in schools, in order to document the activity and submit it to the administration, as per their request?.
Praise be to Allaah.
It is permissible to take pictures of student activities with the video camera and digital camera mentioned, for the purpose of documenting the activity so that the administrators may study it, so long as these images are not produced in any fixed format such as on paper.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:
With regard to pictures made in the modern fashion, they fall into two categories:
The first category is those which have no tangible substance (and can only be seen by running them through a machine), as I was told is the case with pictures on video tapes. There is no ruling at all concerning these, and they do not come under the prohibition at all. Hence the scholars who forbid making pictures with cameras on paper (photographs) permitted this (video pictures), and said that there is nothing wrong with this. Then it was asked, is it permissible to film lectures which are given in the mosques? The (scholarly) view was that it is better not to do that, because it may disturb the worshippers and because they may film things that may not be appropriate, and so on.
The second category is fixed or still pictures on paper (photographs) …
But the matter needs further discussion if one wants to make these kind of permissible pictures. For they are subject to five rulings which depend on the intention. If the intention is something forbidden, then it is haraam. If he intends something waajib (obligatory), then it is waajib. Sometimes pictures may be essential, especially moving pictures. For example, if we see someone in the act of committing a crime against a person’s rights, such as an attempt to kill and so on, and we cannot prove it in any way but by taking pictures, then in this case taking pictures becomes waajib, especially in cases where pictures may decide the case. The means are subject to the rulings on the ends. If we make these pictures in order to prove the identity of a person for fear that someone else may be accused of the crime, this is also acceptable, indeed it is essential.
But if we take these pictures just to enjoy looking at them, this is undoubtedly haraam… And Allaah knows best.” (See Al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 2/197-199)
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on videotaping celebrations, conferences and seminars?
He replied: If there is the hope that people may benefit from the videotaping of the party, seminar or Islamic meeting in which there is the call to Allaah, and it is believed that this is most likely to serve a good purpose and that this videotaping will be good and will benefit the people, then there is nothing wrong with that in sha Allaah. End quote from Fataawa Islamiyyah (4/367).
May Allaah help us all to do that which He loves and which pleases Him.
And Allaah knows best.
Praise be to Allaah.
Undoubtedly making images of everything that has a soul is haraam, indeed it is a major sin, because of the stern warning against that narrated in the texts of the Sunnah; and because it is imitating Allaah in His creation of living things; and because it is a means that leads to temptation (fitnah) and that often leads to shirk. The one who takes the picture, the one who tells him to do it and those who help him to do it are all guilty of sin, because they are cooperating in sin, which Allaah has forbidden when He said:
“but do not help one another in sin and transgression”[al-Maa’idah 5:2]
And Allaah is the Source of strength.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (Fatwas of the Standing Committee), 1/454
According to another fatwa issued by the Standing Committee (1/458):
It is not permissible to make pictures of animate beings using cameras or any other kind of image-making equipment, or to keep pictures of animate beings except in cases of necessity, such as pictures in identity documents or passports; it is permissible to take and keep such pictures because there is a need for that.