Reference: Salīm, ʿAmr ʿAbul-Muniʿim (2006), al-Masāʾil al-ʿIlmiyyah wa al-Fatāwā al-Sharʿiyyah Fatāwā al-Shaykh al-ʿAllāmah Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī fī al-Madīnah wa al-Imārāt, First Edition. Ṭanṭā: Dār al-Ḍiyāʾ.
Question: “What is the meaning of the statement of the Messenger: “None may touch the Qurʾān except a pure one.”
Response: “This ḥadīth has been sourced in Silsilat al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah thus it is a sound ḥadīth with all its routes.
In Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī the Prophet came to a group of Companions and Abū Hurayrah was amongst them – in another narration it was Ḥudhayfah – so Abū Hurayrah slipped away discreetly from the gathering and then he returned and his head was dripping with water. The Messenger asked him about the reason for him slipping away so he said: “O Messenger of Allāh, I was in ritual impurity” – it was as if he was saying that I was not comfortable sitting with you or shaking your hand while I am in ritual impurity – so he [saw] said: “Far removed is Allāh from all imperfections! Indeed the believer never becomes impure.” [Bukhārī and Muslim]
So the meaning of his statement: “None may touch the Qurʾān except for a pure one” means except for the believer whether after that he is in major or minor ritual impurity.
There is no clear cut text regarding the impermissibility of touching the Qurʾān for the one who is in major or minor ritual impurity.” [p. 67-8]