Jumu’ah – The Weekly celebration
Our Creator; Allaah subhana wa ta’ala said in the Qur’aan: O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salât (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salât (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know! Then when the (Jumu’ah) Salât (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allâh (by working, etc.), and remember Allâh much, that you may be successful. (Al-Jumu’ah 62:10)
Friday is the best day of the week. The Companion Abu Hurayrah narrated that the last and final Prophet and Messenger of Allaah Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “We (Muslims) came last and yet we are the first on the day of judgment. They have received the books before us (meaning Torah and Injil). We have received the book after them (meaning the Qur’an). Friday was their day to be glorified. However, they disputed on that while Allah had told us Friday is the day to glorify. Thus they will follow us. The Jews glorify Saturday, and the Christians glorify Sunday.” [Collected by Imaam Bukhari 847]
Also collected by Imam Muslim, Abu Dawud, Al-Nisai, and Al-Tirmidhi, that Rasoolillaah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “The best day during which the sun have risen is Friday. It is the Day Adham was created. It is the day when Adham entered paradise and also when he was taken out from it. It is also the day on which the day of judgment takes place.”
Taariq bin Shihaab narrated that a Jewish man said to Umar bin Khattaab: “O commander of the believers! If this ayah- This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you and have chosen for you Islam as your religion (way of life) [al-maa’ida:5:3] had been revealed to us, we would have taken that day as an Eid (festival). Umar replied: “I know on which day this ayah was revealed; it was revealed on the Day of Arafah, which was a Friday” [Collected by Imaam Bukhari] So the Muslims days of celebration are the two Eids and the Jumuah is also a minor form of Eid.
From one salah to the next and from one Friday to the next, minor sins are forgiven. Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “Each of the five daily prayers and from one Friday prayer to the next, is an expiation for the sins committed in between, so long as one does not commit any major sins”.
He sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam also said: “He who takes a bath and then comes to al-Jumuah salat and he prays (nafl salah 2 by 2 rakah as many as he wishes) what was fixed for him then keeps silent till the imam finishes the Khutbah and prays along with the him, his sins (committed) between that time and the next Friday will be forgiven and with an addition of 3 days.” [Muslim]
Anyone who dies on a Friday, is saved from the trial of the grave. The Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “Allaah saves every Muslim who dies on Friday or during its night from the fitnah (trial) of the grave”. [Ahmed]
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer on Friday in congregation.” Narrated by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1119
It was narrated from Aws ibn Aws that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The best of your days is Friday. On that day Adam (peace be upon him) was created; on that day he died; on that day the Trumpet will be blown; and on that day all of creation will swoon. So send a great deal of blessings upon me, for your blessings will be shown to me.” They said, “O Messenger of Allaah, how will our blessings upon you be shown to you when you have turned to dust?” He said, “Allaah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, peace be upon them.” Narrated by Abu Dawood, 1047; classed as saheeh by Ibn al-Qayyim in his comments on Sunan Abi Dawood, 4/273; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 925.
Friday Salah is obligatory for men to attend
It is obligatory for the men to participate in the Friday Prayer. Allah subhana wa ta’ala said: O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salât (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salât (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!
The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “The Friday prayer in a jama’ah is an obligatory duty upon every Muslim, with the exception of four; a slave, a woman, a boy and an invalid (sick person, traveler).” [Collected by Aboo Dawood]
In addition, Rasoolillaah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam had warned us men from not neglecting Friday Prayer. He said: “Either they (meaning people who do not attend the Friday prayer) stop neglecting Friday prayers or Allah will set a seal on their hearts so they can not find the right path again.” [Muslim] In another authentic hadith reported by Abu Dawod, Tirmidhi, Al-Nisai, and Ibn-Majah, that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Whoever does not attend three Friday prayers, (consecutively without a valid excuse) Allah will set a seal on his heart (not benefiting from reminders, indulging in more sins and disobedience)”
What to do on Friday
- Strive to pray Fajr in Jama’ah in your local Masjid or Musalla. It was narrated that Abdullaah Bin Umar said: The Messenger sallallaahualaihi wa sallam said: “The best prayer before Allaah is Fajr prayer, on Friday in congregation.” Collected by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1119
For men, to pray the five daily Salat in Jama’at is 25 to 27 times better in degrees than praying alone. For women, to pray in her home is better than praying in the Masjid. If there is a Masjid or a Musalla near where we live or work, than we men, must go and pray in congregation with our fellow Muslim brothers. As Salat is the only Ibaadah that requires us to establish it together, openly. To gain the reward and to increase love and brotherhood. If we can hear the Azan without the Muazzin using a microphone, than it becomes obligatory upon the men who hear it, to pray in that Jama’at, unless they have a valid Shareah excuse, such as; illness.
- Have a Shower or a bath on Friday It is obligatory for the Muslim who is able, to have a shower or bath and make sure they smell nice when they attend Friday Prayers. Imam Muslim and Bukhari reported that the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Every Muslim is obligated to wash on Fridays and wear his best cloth. Also, he should use perfume if he has any.”
He sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam also said: “Whoever makes his wife do ghusl and does ghusl himself (i.e has Sexual intercourse and then bathes) on Friday and goes out early, walking not riding and sits close to the imam and listens (to the khutbah) without interrupting, will have for each step he takes a reward equal to that of fasting and praying at night for one year”. [al-albani in Saheeh al-Targheeb wal Tarheeb 687]
The ghusl is to be performed once the starting time of Fajr Prayer comes in. Also, if a person performs ghusl and then later invalidates his ablution, he need not repeat the ghusl. Making ablution (wudhu) suffices. Furthermore, one ghusl may be used for removing sexual defilement (janabah) and for Salat al-Jumuah. Also we are recommended to put on perfume or Athar to smell nice and should do so often as the Messenger used to do.
- Dress well – wear your best, clean clothes for Salatul-Jumu’ah Friday is a special and blessed day that requires us to appear in the best possible manner. As it is a minor Eid, a day of celebration for us, once a week. One should therefore put on his best attire and smell nice with perfume or Athar for Salat al-Jumuah. The Prophet sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam said, “If one has the means, he should buy two pieces of clothing, other than his work clothes or [everyday clothing], to wear on Friday.” [Abu Dawud] Since we are living in the West and we still work or study on Fridays, then we wear clothes that is compatible to our work place and its uniform policy.
- Recite Soorah al-Kahf, Chapter 18 from the Qur’an It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khduri that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on Friday, he will be illuminated with light between the two Fridays.” Narrated by al-Haakim; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb,836
- Go early before the khutbah starts (earlier the better) The Prophet of Allaah, Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: The example of the one who enters the Masjid (or Musalla) in the earliest hour, is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice). The one coming next is like one offering a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg respectively.” [Bukhari/Muslim]
Abu Umamah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, “The angels sit at the doors to the Masjids (Musalla) and with them are scrolls in which they record the people [who come]. When the Imam appears, the scrolls are rolled up.” Abu Umamah was asked, “Does the one who comes after the Imam still have a Friday Prayer?” he said, “Certainly, but he is not one of those who is recorded [as coming early].” [Ahmad and al-Tabarani]
Also in another authentic hadith reported by Imam Abu-Dawod that the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “On Friday the angels come to stand on the doors of the mosque (masjid), the angels record who comes first, if the Imam starts delivering the speech, the angles close their files and come to listen to the speech.”
It is forbidden to work, play, study worldly knowledge etc on Fridays after the call for the prayer has been announced until and after the Jumuah salat is finished, because Allah says in Surah Al-Jumu’ah, (verse 9), …When the call is proclaimed for the Salât on the day of Friday, come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu’ah Khutbah) and Salât and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!
Those of us living in the West or non-Muslim countries, are most likely to be working or studying on Fridays. We should try our best to come as early as possible (15 minutes, half and hour, one hour early etc) before Khutbah starts, to gain the maximum reward of making the bigger sacrifice and being written down by the Malaeka in the register. If we cannot come early, than we should be there, just before the Khutbah starts.
Since, those who come after the Khutbah starts, are not written down as coming early, thus loose out on a great reward. If we come late after the khutbah starts due to a valid excuse, than that is understandable. There is a great reward in going early to Salat al-Jumuah, beginning after sunrise. By leaving for Salat al-Jumuah (or any other Fardh Salat), one gets the reward of waiting for the Prayer (or being in Salat), and can make dhikr (remembering Allah according to the Sunnah) recite the Qur’an and pray voluntary prayers while waiting for the Khatib.
- Perform the two Rakah of Tahiyyat al-Masjid Salat (only if you are in a Masjid) When a person enters a Masjid at any time during the day or night and wishes to sit down he/she needs to pray the two rakah of greeting the masjid salat (Tahiyyatul Masjid). The Prophet sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam said: “If one of you comes to the Masjid, he should pray two rak`ahs before he sits” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]. And there are other proofs. If a person comes late to the Friday Prayer while the Imam is delivering the khutbah in a Masjid, he should still pray the Tahiyyatul Masjid salah before sitting down. If khutbah is in a musallah, a prayer room then Tahiyyatul masjid does not apply.
- There are no specific number of Sunnah to be prayed before the Khutbah starts When a person enters the masjid and prays Tahiyyatul Masjid (or just sits down in a Musalla), afterwards while waiting for the Imam to come and give the khutbah he can pray as many two rakahs of nafl salah as he wishes until the Imam comes. One may also wish to recite the Qur’an, read a beneficial scholarly book/article or do dhikr and any other beneficial actions. There are no specific number of Sunnah prayers before the Khutbah starts. Once the Khatib arrives and the Adhan is given, the Khutbah is to start.
- It is forbidden to talk during the Khutbah The Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “Whoever speaks on Friday while the imam is giving the khutbah, he is like a donkey which carries books and he who tells him to be quite has no Jumuah (no reward of jumuah) [Ahmed]
In an authentic hadith reported by a group of Ahadith collectors except Ibn-Majah, Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “If you told your friend to pay attention on Friday while the Imam is delivering the speech then you committed a sin of vain talk.” Another authentic hadith which was reported by Imam Ibn-Majah and Thirmidhi that Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Even who touches the gravel on the floor then he committed vain talk, and he who does commit that there will be no (Jumuah) Friday for him.” An exception is made from that in the case of speaking to the imam, or the imam speaking to the worshippers for some important reason. Whether the Khutbah is in Arabic only or the language of the people in that area, the forbiddance applies. It is also not allowed to talk on the phone or read a book, article etc while Khutbah is in progress. If one is in a Masjid, Tahyatul Masjid is to be prayed during Khutbah and nothing else.
It is also disliked to walk between sitting people during Friday gathering unless there is an empty spot to fill. In an authentic hadith reported by Imam Abu-Dawod, Al-Nisai, and Ahmad that, A man came and started walking between people during a Friday gathering while Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam was delivering his speech, so the Prophet told him, “Sit because you caused harm to other people and came in late.”
- After the imam finishes the khutbah, two rakah of fardh Jumu’ah salah is offered If a person did not listen to the khutbah for some reason, but he caught the salah, his salah is valid. If a person totally misses the Jumuah salah for some reason, then he needs to pray four rakah of Zuhr fardh in its place. Jumuah fardh = 2 rakah
- After the fardh of Jumuah Salah, it is highly recommended to pray four rakahs (2 by 2) of Sunnah salah.
Recommended Sunnah = 4 rakah afterwards (2 by 2) The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “When one of you prays the Jumuah prayer, he should pray four optional rakahs afterwards. [Muslim] If one intends to go home, it is better to offer the sunnah at home or pray two rakah and then pray the other two at home. As it is the Sunnah and more rewarding to pray our Sunnah, nafl and Witr prayers at home.
- Increase in making Du’a It is recommended to increase supplication especially at the last hour of the day since it is the hour when Dua are responded by Allah. In an authentic hadith reported by Imam Al-Nisai, Abu-Dawod, and Al-hakim, that the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “Friday has 12 hours, one of which is the hour where cries are granted for Muslim believers. This hour is sought at the last hour after Asr.” He sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said: “Seek the hour in which there is hope that prayers will be answered, on Friday after Asr prayer, until the sun goes down.” [al-albani in saheeh al-Tagheeb was Tarheeb 700]
Also He said: “On this day there is an hour when no Muslim slave stands and prays and asks Allaah for something, but Allaah will give it to him.” And he gestured with his hand to indicate that whatever he asks for is as nothing to Allaah” [Bukhari]
Brothers, this is what we need to do on Friday to gain the maximum reward and forgiveness. We must not miss or neglect Friday Prayers because of work, study or other matters. Nor should we take Friday as the only day of the week that we worship Allaah (or just 20 minutes of a week). If we miss it three times in a row with no valid reason, Allaah will cause our heart to be sealed from the right path (we will not pay heed to advice, become misguided and indulge even more in sins.) We should come early, not come late after the Khutbah starts deliberately, unless we have a good reason to do so. Those of us who live in the West or non-Muslim countries are likely to be working or going to school, college, univercity on Fridays, so we do that which we can of the recommended Sunnah acts, to the best of our ability. Friday is a minor Eid for us, a day of celebration once a week. We should be happy and rejoice. If we can take a day off on Friday even better, if not, we should enjoy it after work with our family, relatives and friends in a halal manner, within the realm of the Islamic law.