Hair cut – Men’s Hair Women’s hair
Shaykh Muhammad Nasir Uddin al-Albani / [Al-Asaalah, Issue 12]
Question: One of the students of knowledge asked: Many school students ask one another concerning the ruling on leaving one’s hair to grow and shaving it off. They are confused about this issue because of what the school presses on them from the obligation of shaving all of the head or cutting it very short and because eof what the students see from some practicing teachers who let their hair grow and do not cut it, but they maintain and groom it. So therefore I say – seeking assistance from Allaah – that leaving the hair is Sunnah, as Ahmad Ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah) said: “It is sunnah. If we were able to manage and control it, we would keep it. But there is discomfort and trouble with (keeping) it (long).”
And Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said in Zaad Al-Ma’aad: “And it was not preserved from him, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, that he used to shave his head except during the sacrificial ceremonies of Hajj (nusuk).” There are many authentic ahaadeeth that clarify the description of the Prophet’s sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam hair. It is stated in Al-Mughnee: “It is recommended that a person’s hair be according to the description of the Prophet’s hair. If it is long, then it should go to his shoulders and if it is short, then to the earlobes. And if it grows longer than that, then there is no harm in that. This has been reported on Ahmad.”
Indeed, keeping one’s hair and leaving it to grow must meet certain requirements, among which are:
- There must be sincerity to Allaah, the Most High and following of the guidance of the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, in order to attain reward and merit.
- There should be no imitation of women in his leaving of the hair to grow, such that he does with his hair what the women do with their hair, from the aspects of beautification that is specific to them.
- He should not desire by it to imitate the People of the Book or anyone else among the idol-worshippers. Or in imitation of the haircuts and hairstyles of sinful Muslims, such as music and film artists or whoever treads their way, such as the shameless ones among the sports figures.
- One should clean it and groom it every other day. And it is recommended to oil it, perfume it and split it down the middle of the head. And if it grows long, then one can put it in locks.
As for shaving the hair off, then Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah has written a detailed discussion on this subject and divided it into four types. A summary of what he said is as follows:
If the shaving of the head is done for (1) Hajj or ‘Umrah or (2) for a necessity such as medical treatment, then this is established and prescribed in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and there is no doubt about it’s allowance (under these circumstances). As for it being done for any other reason besides those mentioned above, then it falls into being one of two types:
(3) First: That he shaves it with the intention of making worship to Allaah (ta’abbud), to practice his Religion (tadayyun) and to abstain from the worldly affairs (zuhd) and not for Hajj or ‘Umrah. An example of this is such as his making the shaving of the head a trademark of the people of piety and Religion or from the highest level of abstinence and worship. Or that he places those who shave their heads as being better or more practicing or more pious than those who don’t shave it. Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah said: “This is an innovation that neither Allaah nor His Messenger sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam commanded. It is neither obligatory nor recommended according to any of the Imaams of the Religion. Nor was it done by the Companions and those who followed them in righteousness, nor by the scholars who were well known for their piety and their worship, whether from the Companions, the Taabi’een, those who followed them or those that came after them.”
(4) Second: That he shaves his head for a reason other than the sacrifice of Hajj or ‘Umrah, and for other than a necessity, and not for trying to please or get closer to Allaah. The scholars have two opinions concerning this: The first opinion: The dislike of it: This is the madh-hab of Maalik and others and it is found in one of the reports on Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy on them all.
Ahmad said: “They used to dislike that.” The proof used by those who hold this opinion is that shaving the head is a trademark of the people of innovation, for the Khawaarij used to shave their heads. And the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Their sign is the shaving of the head.” Also, some of the Khawaarij consider the shaving of the head as the completion of repentance and religious sacrifices.
It is established in the Saheeh that: “When the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was distributing the war booty on the Day of the Conquest, a man with a thick beard and a shaved head came to him…” And it is stated in the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad that the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “He is not from us who shaves his head.” Ibn ‘Abbaas said: “The one who shaves his head persistently is a devil.”
The second opinion: Its allowance: This is the most known opinion with the followers of Abu Haneefah and Ash-Shaafi’ee and it is found in a report from Ahmad also. And their proof is what Ahmad, Abu Dawood and An-Nasaa’ee have reported with an authentic chain, as has been stated by the author of Muntaqaa Al-Akhbaar, on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar, radyAllaahu ‘anhumaa, that: “The Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam saw a young boy who had shaved part of his head and left the rest of it, so he forbade them from that. And he said to them: ‘(Either) shave all of it or leave all of it.'” Afterwards, three small children were brought to him and he, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, shaved their heads.
Because he forbade al-qaz‘, and that is to have some of the head shaved, then this provides evidence for the allowance of shaving all of it. Ash-Shawkaanee said in Nail-ul-Awtaar commenting on the hadeeth that the author of Al-Muntaqaa mentioned: “In it is proof for the allowance of shaving all of the head. Al-Ghazaalee said: ‘There is no harm in it for the one who desires cleanliness.’ And in this is a refutation against those who hold that it is disliked.”
Furthermore, it is stated in Al-Mughnee: “Hanbal said: ‘My father and I used to shave our heads during the lifetime of Abu ‘Abdillaah. So he would see us while we had our heads shaved and he would not forbid us from it.” Ibn ‘Abd-il-Barr said: “The scholars have unanimously agreed upon the allowance of shaving the head. And this is sufficient as a proof.” I say, 34 and with Allaah lies the success, this second opinion is what is more established to me due to the authenticity of its reports and their conclusiveness. And Allaah knows best.
As for the school’s executive board preventing the general mass of students from letting their hair grow, then this regulation is only in the way of “suppressing the means and preventing the evil.” And this is because of what the school has noted in that a group of students, not small in number, keep their hair long not for the sake of following the Sunnah. But rather, they only do so for the sake of resembling and imitating the famous amongst the shameless celebrities and sports figures, regardless of whether they are Muslims or not. And this is done by them combing their hair in a manner that resembles the hair of these celebrities, expressing their love for them, their amazement with them and with what they are upon. Also, the harm of these students, who blindly follow, is not just limited to themselves and that’s all. Rather, their influence extends to their school colleagues and so they become affected by this false way, which leads to the wearing down of the students to having weak souls amidst their group. This is especially since they are in this age in which they have constantly changing personalities, numerous desires, and are quick to be influenced and quick to make make decisions. So you will find that the student at this age will receive more influence from his colleagues in school than from the incentives of his teachers or even his parents!! This is what I have to say and Allaah knows best.
Answer: All praise is for Allaah, and may the peace and blessings be upon Allaah’s Messenger, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, his family, Companions and those who follow his guidance. To proceed, I strongly support the words that were stated in the last part of the fatwaa for it is traced back to an important legal principle, which is “Preventing the evil (mafsadah) comes before bringing about the good (maslahah).” So how can it be when there is no sort of maslahah (beneficial good), but only imitation of the disbelievers or the sinful people? And the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said in the authentic hadeeth:
“…And whoever imitates a people is one of them.” There are many other ahaadeeth in various subjects of the Religion that bear this same meaning. I have mentioned about forty ahaadeeth from them in my book “Hijaab Al-Ma’at-ul-Muslimah”, which I have printed recently under the title “Jilbaab Al-Mar’at-ul-Muslimah.”
So due to this, I will always give the ruling that it is not permissible for the male youth and students to let their hair grow long and that they should either shave it off or cut it short, as the general masses of Muslims are doing today, and with Allaah lies the success.
And furthermore, it is not for anyone to say today that it is disliked to shave the head, for there is no proof for that other than that it was a trademark of the Khawaarij. But today, they – and from among them are the Ibaadiyyah – do not adhere to this practice anymore, from what I know. And if they are found in some land to still be abiding by this practice, then the people of that land should contradict them in that due to what has been stated previously. And if this is not the case, then the fundamental principle is the allowance (to cut), as is stated in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar which has been authenticated in Al-Muntaqaa. And Muslim has also reported it as I have verified in Al-Ahaadeeth As-Saheehah (no. 1123).
As for the hadeeth: “He is not from us who shaves his head” then it is a shortened version of the hadeeth of Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree, radyAllaahu ‘anhu, with the wording: “He is not from us who shaves (his head), tears (his clothes) and wails.” This is the way a group of the scholars have reported the hadeeth, such as Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad (4/411) and the two Shaikhs in their (respective) Saheeh collections. Al-Bukhaaree introduced it in his Saheeh by saying: “Chapter: What is forbidden from the act of shaving due to a calamity.” So therefore, the hadeeth is specific for someone who shaves his head as a means of announcing his grief due to the death of one of his relatives. What consists of this person’s objection of Allaah’s Divine Ordainment is the Prophet’s, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, linking it to his words “tears”, meaning his clothes and “wails” meaning raises his voice in wailing.
And what supports this is the occasion in which Abu Moosaa Al-Ash’aree, radyAllaahu ‘anhu, reported this hadeeth, for he reported it at the time when he was on his deathbed as occurs in the two Saheehs. And it is verified in Irwaa-ul-Ghaleel (no. 771) and in Ahkaam-ul-Janaa’iz. As for the narration from Ibn ‘Abbaas that has been mentioned in the previous fatwaa, then I have not come across its chain of narration and I do not deem that it is authentic. But if it is authentic, then it is likely that it is in reference to imitation of the Khawaarij based on what has been stated previously.
As for the saying that growing the hair on one’s head long is Sunnah, then there is no proof for it by which an argument can be established. And it is not sufficient in that regard to say that it is authentically reported on the Prophet (that he had long hair), for that was from his customs (‘aadaat). And it has also been authentically reported on him, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, that he entered Makkah while having four locks (of tied hair), as is mentioned in my book “Mukhtasar Ash-Shamaa’il Al-Muhammadiyyah” (35/23). And “locks ” means braids and plaits. But this was just an Arab custom, which some of them did not do all the time. So can it be said that this was the Sunnah also? Of course not! So then in customs like this, there must be a specific proof that asserts that it is a Sunnah of worship. But how can this be when the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, has placed an equality between the one who shaves his hair and the one who leaves it to grow as is found in his, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, saying: “(Either) shave all of it or leave all of it.” Rather, he shaved those three children’s heads as was mentioned in the fatwaa. And that is an authentic hadeeth also, which I have verified in my book “Ahkaam Al-Janaa’iz wa Bid’ihaa” (pg. 166). So it is not for any of the youth that are being tested with imitation of the disbelievers or of the sinful people in their hairstyles, to use the “Sunnah” as a pretext (i.e. excuse), for it is a Sunnah of custom and not a Sunnah of worship. And this is especially since many of these youth do not imitate the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, in what is obligatory upon them, such as trimming the moustache and growing the beard. “Verily, in that there is a reminder for he who has a heart or lends his ear, while he is heedful.” [Surah Qaaf: 37] Perfect are You, O Allaah, from all imperfections, and by Your praise, I bear witness that no deity has the right to be worshipped except You. I seek forgiveness in You and repent to You.
[Al-Asaalah, Issue 12]
I have a question does a muslim man have to cut his hair a specific way for example does all his hair have to be one lentgh?
Praise be to Allah.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem was asked about that and he said:
With regard to hair, the Prophet’s guidance is either to leave it all alone or to remove all of it. He did not shave part of it and leave part of it.
What some Muslims do, which is to shave part of the head and leave part, is the qaza’ (tuft) which was forbidden by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This may take several forms:
1-Shaving some parts of the head and leaving others
2-Shaving the sides of the head and leaving the middle
3-Shaving the middle and leaving the sides
4-Shaving the front and leaving the back
5-Shaving the back and leaving the front
6-Shaving one side and leaving the other
The fact that these types are haraam is indicated by the report in al-Saheehayn from Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade qaza’, i.e., shaving parts of a boy’s hair and leaving other parts.” And it was narrated from him (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw a boy who had some of his hair shaved and some left; he forbade them from doing that and said: “Shave it all or leave it all.” And it was narrated from ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) in a marfoo’ report (i.e., attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)): “Shaving the back of the head, unless it is for the purpose of cupping, is the act of the Magians.” In Sunan Abi Dawood it is narrated that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him) saw a boy with his head shaved, leaving two braids or long locks, and he said, “Shave these or cut them, for this is the style of the Jews.” Al-Marwadhi said, “I asked Abu ‘Abd-Allaah (i.e., Ahmad ibn Hanbal) about shaving the back of the head, and he said, “That is what the Magians do, and whoever imitates a people is one of them.”
I have often heard that it is not permissible for a woman to cut her hair at all, according to the rulings of Islam. I want to understand the reason, because I think that she needs to trim her hair from time to time. Can you explain this issue in detail? I also heard that the woman is required to grow her hair as long as possible, and she should not cut it or shave it, because it will be a cover for her on the Day of Resurrection when all people are gathered naked. Is this true, and is there any evidence for it?
Praise be to Allah.
What the scholars have stated is prohibited with regard to a woman cutting her hair, is the following:
- If she is going to flaunt it in front of non-mahram men.
- If by cutting her hair, her intention is to imitate disbelieving women or immoral women.
- If she cuts her hair in a manner resembling men’s hairstyles.
- If her hair is cut by a non-mahram man, as happens in sinful salons.
- If she does that without her husband’s permission.
The reason for this prohibition in these instances is quite clear, and there is no cause for confusion. The wisdom behind this prohibition is also quite clear.
If the woman’s aim is to adorn herself for her husband and endear herself to him, or her aim is to reduce the trouble of caring for long hair, or other reasonable, permissible aims, then there is nothing wrong with her doing that, according to the sound scholarly view, because the basic principle with regard to matters of custom and tradition is that they are permissible unless there is evidence that something is prohibited. There is nothing in Islamic teaching to indicate that it is not allowed to cut a woman’s hair; rather there is a report which indicates that it is permissible. This is the hadith of Abu Salamah ibn ‘Abd ar-Rahmaan (may Allah have mercy on him) who said: The wives of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to cut their hair so that it came down no lower than their earlobes. Narrated by Muslim (320).
It was also said that the original Arabic of this report may be understood as referring to hair that is slightly longer than shoulder length.
Imam an-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
This indicates that it is permissible for women to cut their hair. End quote.
Sharh Muslim (4/5).
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
For a woman to cut her hair was regarded as makrooh (disliked) by some scholars, and some scholars said it is haraam (forbidden), and some scholars said it is permissible.
So long as there is a difference of scholarly opinion concerning the matter, then we should refer to the Qur’an and Sunnah. Up until this moment I do not know of anything which would indicate that it is forbidden for a woman to cut her hair. Based on that, the basic principle concerning this matter is that it is permissible, and that local custom may be followed in this regard. In the past, women were keen to have long hair and would be proud of it, and they would not cut it unless there was a shar‘i reason or health-related need to do so. Now things have changed, so the view that it is forbidden is weak and there is no proof for it. The view that it is disliked needs further reflection and examination. The view that it is permissible is closer to the basic principles of Islam. Muslim narrated in his Saheeh that the wives of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to cut their hair so that it came down no lower than their earlobes.
But if a woman cuts her hair too short, so that it looks like a man’s hair, then this is undoubtedly haraam, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) cursed women who resemble men.
Similarly, if she cuts it in a style that resembles the hairstyles of disbelieving women and immoral women, then whoever imitates a people is one of them.
But if she only cuts it a little, so that it does not go to the extent of resembling men’s hairstyles, and does not resemble the hairstyles of immoral women and disbelieving women, then there is nothing wrong with that. End quote.
Fataawa Noor ‘ala ad-Darb (Fataawa az-Zeenah wa’l-Mar’ah/Qass ash-Sha‘r) (Tape 336, side B).
See also the answers to questions no. 1192, 13248 and 13744.
What is said about a woman’s hair covering her on the Day of Resurrection is something for which there is no evidence in the Sunnah and reports, and we have not found this in the words of the scholars. So we should beware of transmitting and believing this idea before checking whether it is sound and proven in the religious texts.
And Allah knows best.