In the Name of Allāh, all praise is due to Allāh, praise and security be upon the Messenger of Allāh.
Tomorrow is the 10th of Dhūl-Ḥijjah 1435AH; it is the Day of Sacrifice and the ʿĪd of Aḍḥā.
Below is a list of the things we should do on ʿĪd al-Āḍḥā as practiced by our Righteous Salaf.
There is no authentically narrated report from the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] that he used to bathe before the ʿĪd prayers.
However, we have reports relating to the actions of Companions in this regard:
“ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿUmar used to bath on the day of Fiṭr before setting out to the place of prayer.”
Adornment and Beautification
Both Bukhārī and Muslim report an incident in which ʿUmar bought a silk outer-garment for the Messenger of Allāh [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] so that he could wear it on ʿĪd and for meeting delegations. The only thing that prevented the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] from accepting the gift was that it was made of silk which is prohibited for men. Scholars use this incident as evidence that beautification for the day of ʿĪd was an established custom amongst the Companions.
Not Eating Until After the ʿĪd Prayer
“The Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] would not leave on the morning of ʿĪd al-Fiṭr until he had eaten and on the da of ʿAḍḥā he would not eat until he had returned from the prayer and he would eat from his sacrifice.”
The Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] used to emerge on during the two ʿĪds and say takbīr until he reached the place of prayer. When he performed the prayer he stopped saying takbīr.
There is no authentically reported ḥadīth confirming the exact wording of the takbīr used by the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam].
The following have been reported from some Companions.
Ibn Masʿūd would say:
Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar, Lā ilāha illAllāh, wAllāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar, wa lillāhil-ḥamd
“Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest, there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest and all praise belongs to Allāh.”
Ibn ʿAbbās would say:
Allāhu akbar, Allāhu akbar wa lillāhil-ḥamd, Allāhu akbar wa ajjallu, Allāhu akbar ʿalā mā hadānā
“Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest, Allāh is the Greatest and all praise is due to Allāh, Allāh is the Greatest and Most Sublime, Allāh is the Greatest to that which He has guided us to.”
Walking to the Prayer Place
Saʿīd b. Al-Musayyib mentioned that one of the Sunnahs on ʿĪd is to walk to the prayer place.
Not Praying Anything Before the Ṣalāh
Ibn ʿAbbās reported that the Prophet prayed two units on the Day of Fiṭr and he did not pray before or after this.
The ʿĪd Prayer
The ʿĪd Prayer is an individual obligation. This is the strongest opinion and the one held by Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah and the three Imāms of our time: Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz b. Bāz and Muḥammad b. Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn.
This is based on the ḥadīth of Umm ʿAṭiyyah as reported in Bukhārī and Muslim that the Messenger of Allāh commanded us to bring them [women] out on al-Fiṭr and al-Aḍḥā and to bring out adolescent girls, menstruating women and virgins, but the menstruating women were to stay away from the prayer, but were to witness goodness and the gathering of the Muslims. I said: “O Messenger of Allāh, what if one of us does not have a jilbāb?” He said:
“Let her sister lend her a jilbāb.”
Timing of the Prayer
A short time after the sun has risen.
No Adhān or Iqāmah
Jābir b. Samurah said:
“I prayed the ʿĪd prayers with Allāh’s Messenger many times without an Adhān or an Iqāmah.”
Description of the Prayer
Other than the initial takbīr, there is no authentic narration that the Prophet would raise his hands with the takbīrs of ʿĪd.
There are 7 takbīrs in the first unit before the recitation and there are 5 takbīrs in the second unit before the recitation.
The Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] would recite after Sūrah al-Fātiḥah: Sūrah Qāf in the first unit and Sūrah al-Qamar in the second.
Sūrah al-Aʿlā in the first unit and Sūrah al-Ghāshiyah in the second.
What If You Miss The Prayer?
You should pray two units if you miss the prayer.
Choosing To Stay And Listen To The Khuṭbah Or Not
The Khuṭbah is given after the prayer as reported by Ibn ʿAbbās and recorded by both Bukhārī and Muslim.
Attendance of the sermon is not obligatory as reported by ʿAbd Allāh b. Sāʾib who said that he witnessed ʿĪd with the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] and when he finished praying he said:
“Indeed we shall give a sermon, so whoever wishes to say for the sermon then let him stay and whoever wishes to depart then let him depart.”
Greetings For The Day
There is no authentic report from the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] describing the greetings for the day of ʿĪd.
However, in a narration from Muḥammad b. Ziyād, the chain of which Imām Aḥmad declared to be good, states that he was with Abū Umāmah and other Companions of the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] and when they returned from the ʿĪd they said to each other:
TaqabbalAllāhu minnā wa minkum
“May Allāh accept it from us and you.”
Returning Home Via A Different Route
Jābir b. ʿAbd Allāh said:
“When it was the day of ʿĪd, the Prophet used to alter his route [of returning].”
Pray Two Units When You Return Home
This is based on the ḥadīth of Abū Saʿīd al-Khudrī in which he stated that the Messenger of Allāh did not used to pray anything before the ʿĪd but when he would return to his home he would pray two units.
See the following article for more information: https://www.istiqaamah.net/a-rare-sunnah-optional-prayer-after-%E1%BF%BEid-prayer/
Eating After The Prayer
This is based on the narration of Buraidah who said that the Prophet [ṣallAllāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam] would not leave on the morning of ʿĪd al-Fiṭr until he had eaten and on the day of Aḍḥā he would not eat until he had returned from the prayer and he would eat from his sacrifice.
And all praise is due to Allāh.
 Bukhārī, no. 986
 Refer to al-Ṣaḥīḥah, no. 171 for a discussion of the ḥadīth and its supporting narrations.
Abridged from: al-Ḥalabī, Abū al-Ḥārith ʿAlī Ḥasan ʿAlī ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd [1416/1997], The Rulings Concerning the Two ‘Eids From the Purified Sunnah, trans. Aboo Tahir. Birmingham: al-Hidaayah.