Biography of Shaykh Abd al-Rahman al-Sa’di [d.1376 AH]
His Name and Upbringing:
His name is Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn Nāṣir al-Sa’dī from al-Sa’dī, the Shaykh, descended of the Tamīm tribe. He was born in the town of ʿUnaizah in al-Qaṣīm on the 12th of Muḥarram in the year 1307H. His mother died when he was four years old, and his father died when he was seven. As a result, he grew up an orphan but he had a stable upbringing.
He had already attracted attention at a young age with his intelligence and his strong enthusiasm for learning. After the death of his father, he had read the Qurʾān, then thoroughly memorised it by the time he was eleven years old. Then he began learning from the learned men of his town and those who visited it. He worked hard until he acquired a respectable amount of knowledge in every field. When he reached the age of twenty-three, he began teaching. Like that, he used to both learn and teach, and the entirety of his time was spent doing that. It was like that until in the year 1351H, he was placed in charge of education in his town, and became a mentor for all the students.
Some of the Shaykh’s Teachers:
He studied under Shaykh Ibrāhīm ibn Ḥamd ibn Jāsir. He was the first person he read to. He used give descriptions about his teacher’s recollection of ḥadīth, and he would talk at length about his fear of Allāh and his love of sharing with the poor despite his lack of means. Often, a poor person would come to him on a cold winter’s day and he would strip himself of one of his pair of garments from his own poverty and dress him in it – despite his own needs.
Another one of the author’s teachers is Shaykh Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Karīm al-Shibl. With him, he studied Fiqh, Arabic sciences and other subjects. From amongst his teachers was also Ṣāliḥ ibn ʿUthmān, the judge of ʿUnaizah, with whom he studied Tawḥīd, Tafsīr, the principles of Fiqh as well as its various branches, and Arabic sciences. It was with him that the author studied most, and he stuck with him earnestly until his death.
Other teachers include Shaykh ʿAbdullāh ibn ʿAyiḍh, Shaykh Sāʿid al-Tuwaijirī, Shaykh, ʿAlī ibn al-Sinānī, Shaykh ʿAlī Nāṣir, Shaykh Abū Wādī – with whom he studied ḥadīth, the six major books and others, and who gave him a teaching endorsement for them. Mentioned amongst his teachers is also Muḥammad, the son of Shaykh ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Muḥammad al-Mānī, KSA Director of education at the time – the author studied with him in ʿUnaizah. Shaykh Muḥammad al-Mukhtār al-Shiniqīṭī – resident of al-ḥijāz back in the day and afterwards, Zubayr – was also one of his teachers. He came to ʿUnaizah and remained there in order to teach. At that time, the author learnt from him Tafsīr, ḥadīth, and Arabic sciences such as Grammar, Morphology, and the like.
A Little Bit About the Author’s Character:
He possessed many exceptional virtues. He was humble to the young and the old, the rich and the poor. He used to spend his time meeting the people who desired his company. His gatherings were circles of knowledge for the reason that his endeavour was to make them consist of congregational study and research, and bring huge benefits through these useful and time-consuming studies to the people who attended the sessions. Normal get-togethers would turn into study sessions and worship. He would converse with each individual according to his needs, and together they would look at his religious and material interests. He would often settle disputes that ended with both of the parties being satisfied with his fair mediation.
He used to have compassion for the poor, the needy and the outsider, lending them a helping hand whenever he could. Whenever the opportunity arose, he would appeal to those whom he knew loved to support a good cause.
He used to be a man of exceptional etiquette, modesty, integrity and determination in all of his duties. He was the best of instructors and the most effective of people in clarifying a matter. He organised the class schedules and he would arrange debates between his accomplished students in order to stimulate their minds; he would offer a prize to whoever could memorise some of the textbooks, and he would give the prize to everyone who managed to memorise them without leaving anyone out.
He used to consult with his students over the most helpful books to study, consenting to the wishes of the majority or making the choice himself if there was no clear favourite. The students never tired of his long lectures – whenever they were long – because of how much they enjoyed his company, which is why he had and still has so many accomplished students. I pray that Allāh ﷻ gives him a gratifying life and blesses us all with abundance in our time and furnishes us with good deeds that will serve us forever.
The Author’s Academic Calibre:
He had extensive knowledge of Fiqh, both its theoretical and practical aspects. In the beginning, following in the footsteps of his teachers, he adhered to the Ḥanbalī school of thought and memorised some of its textbooks. Around the time, he authored a book on the subject of Fiqh consisting of about 400 verses of poetry based on the Rajz poetic metre and concisely explained it. However, he did not wish for it to be published because it was based on his views from his first days as a student.
His greatest preoccupation was with the books of Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taimiyyah and his student, Ibn al-Qayyim, which were also his greatest influences. They did him a lot of good in terms of learning fundamental principles, Tawḥīd, Tafsīr, Fiqh, as well as other useful subjects. Due to the insight he gained from the two aforementioned scholars, he became unattached to any particular school of thought. Instead, what he considered the strongest opinion on a matter would be the one supported by legitimate proof. Yet he would not speak ill against the scholars of the various schools the way some confused people do, may Allāh ﷻ guide them along with us to the proper path.
He was highly accomplished in the field of Tafsīr, having read many works of various scholars. He excelled in it and himself authored an important book of Tafsīr consisting of many volumes. He wrote it spontaneously, without there being a single book of Tafsīr or any other book present with him at the time. Consistently, he would read the Qurʾān with the students and explain it offhand without prior preparation. He would branch into different topics and clarify some of the meanings of the Qurʾān and mention some of its lessons. He would deduce its inimitable benefits and important concepts, to such an extent that his listener would wish for him to prolong because of his eloquence, the wealth of his vocabulary and his elaborate discussion of evidences and stories. Whoever shared his company, read to him and researched with him realised his high academic calibre. The same goes for anyone who reads his books and legal verdicts.
Some of the Author’s Academic Works:
1.An exegesis of the Noble Qurʾān titled Taysīr al-Karīm al-Mannān (A Facilitation from the Generous, the Gracious), in eight volumes. He completed it in 1344H. It was never published.
2.Irshādu li al-Baṣāʾīr wa al-Bāb li-Māʿrifati al-Fiqh bī Aqrabī al-Turuq wa Aisar il-Asbāb (A Guide to Understanding Fiqh for the Insightful and Intelligent in the Shortest Time and Easiest Steps), arranged in question & answer format and printed by a Turkish printing house in Damascus in 1365H, paid for by the author and distributed for free.
3.Al-Durrah al-Mukhtaṣarah fī-Maḥāsin al-Dīn al-Islāmī printed by Anṣār al-Sunnah Press in 1366H.
4.Al-Khūṭub al-‘Aṣriyyah al-Qayyimah (A Priceless Collection of Sermons on Contemporary Issues); when he became responsible for giving sermons in his town, he endeavoured to give, every ʿEid and Jumūʿah, sermons on important topics that were relevant to the season and necessary to the people. Afterwards, paying for it himself, he compiled them, and together with al-Dūrra al-Mūkhtaṣarah, they were printed by Anṣār al-Sunnah Press and distributed for free.
5.Al-Qawāʿid al-Ḥisān li-Tafsīr al-Qurʾān (Excellent Principles for Explaining the Qurʾān), printed by Anṣār al-Sunnah Press in 1366H and distributed for free.
6.Wujūd al-Taʿāwun bayn al-Muslimīn wa al- Ādhu al-Jihād al-Dīn (Cooperation Amongst Muslims as a Duty, and the Subject of Religious Campaign).
The last three books above were printed by al-Salafiyyah printing press in Cairo with the author’s funding and distributed for free.
1.Al-Qawl al-Sadīd fī-Maqāṣid al-Tawḥīd (The Truth About the Objectives of Tawḥīd), 1367H – printed in Egypt by al-Imām Printing Press press and paid for by ʿAbd al-Muḥsin Abū Baṭīn.
2.Taysīr al-Laṭīf al-Mannān fī-Khulāṣat Tafsīr al-Qurʼān (A Facilitation from The Kind, The Gracious: A Digest of Qurʾānic Exegesis), al-Imām Printing Press. The author, along with a group of charitable people, paid for its printing and distributed it for free.
He also has many useful widely-circulated remarks and many verdicts taken from his answers to questions that came to him from his town and other places. He has various notes on the contents of many of the books he came across. He used to find it extremely easy to write, to the extent that he wrote down a great number of verdicts, amongst other things.
Why He Wrote:
His main purpose in writing was to disseminate knowledge and call people to the truth. This is why he compiled, wrote and printed as much as he was able to of his works, not gaining any transient or material compensation, but rather, distributing them for free so that anyone and everyone could benefit from them. I pray that Allāh ﷻ rewards him kindly for his service to Islam and the Muslims, and makes it possible for us to do things that please him.
After a blessed life of almost 69 years spent entirely in the service of knowledge, he left to be closer to his Lord in the year 1376H, in the city of ʿUnaizah, part of the land of al-Qaṣīm, may Allāh ﷻ show him abundant mercy.
SOURCE: as-Sa’dī, ‘Abd ur-Raḥmān ibn Nāṣir, Lessons Learnt from the Story of Yūsuf. London, England: DuSunnah Publications (2013) pp.9
14th Century, Biographies, Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sa’dee 8 December 199922 February 2017 Abu ‘Abdullaah
He was the Shaykh Abu ‘Abdullaah ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Naasir Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn Naasir Aal Sa’dee from the tribe of Banee Tameem.
He was born in the city of ‘Unayzah, in the region of Qaseem, on the 12th of Muharram in the year 1307 A.H./1886 C.E. His mother passed away when he was four years old and his father passed away when he was seven years old.
He memorised the Qur.aan and mastered the science of its recitation before he reached the age of 11 years. He then engaged himself in seeking knowledge, studying with the scholars of his city and those who visited it.
From amongst his famous teachers were: Shaykh Ibraaheem Ibn Muhammad Ibn Haasir, Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdul Kareem ash-Shibil, Shaykh Saalih Ibn ‘Uthmaan, the judge of ‘Unayzah and Shaykh Muhammad Shanqeetee, a resident of Hijaaz, and other than them. However, whoever said his teachers were Ibn Taymiyyah and his student Ibn al-Qayyim, then indeed they spoke the truth, for he was certainly an enthusiastic student of their works.
A major characteristic he had was his noble manners. He was extremely humble with the elders and the youngsters. He would talk to all individuals according to his level of understanding and according to that which was good for him. He was indifferent and aloof from the splendor of this world and the temptations of life. He did not care for rank, power nor glory.
He wrote many books, some of which are: Tafseer al-Qur.aan in eight volumes, Haashiyah Fiqhiyyah, Deewaan Khutab, al-Qawaa.id al-Hisaan, Tanzeeh ad-Deen, Radd alaa al-Qaseemee, al-Haqq al-Waadhih al-Mubayyin, Bahjatu Quloob al-Abraar, ar-Riyaadh an-Naadhirah, and other than them.
He continued to live a gratified and praiseworthy life until he passed away on the 24th of Jumaada ath-Thaanee in the year 1376 A.H./1955 C.E.
BIOGRAPHY OF THE SHAIKH `ABDUR-RAHMAAN IBN NAASIR AS-SA`DEE -rahimahullaahu ta`aalaa
[Abridged from the book ‘ash-Shaikh `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir as-Sa`dee wa juhooduhu fee tawdeehil-`Aqeedah’ of Shaikh `Abdur-Razzaaq `Abdil-Muhsin al-`Abbaad]
Firstly: His lineage.
He is the great scholar, the pious person, the Zaahid (one who abstained from the unnecessary things of this world), the jurist, the scholar of the principles of Fiqh. The great scholar of al-Qaseem, and our Shaikh, Aboo `Abdillaah `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir ibn `Abdillaah ibn Naasir ibn Hamd Aal Sa`dee, from the tribe of Banoo Tameem.
Secondly: His birth.
He was born in `Unayzah, in al-Qaseem, on the twelfth of Muharram 1307H, and he lived as an orphan, without either of his parents.
Thirdly: His upbringing.
His father gave importance to his cultivation, and before his death he instructed his eldest son to look after him, and he took on the task of caring for him in the best manner. So he was equipped with a righteous environment, and with a great desire to seek knowledge, and he exerted in it day and night, day after day.
Fourthly: His characteristics.
(a) His physical characteristics: He was of medium height, his hair was dense; and he had a full, round face, and a dense beard. He was whitish in colour, with a reddish tinge. He had a handsome face, with light upon it, and a pure complexion.
(b) His manners: He was good-humoured, and beloved to the people on account of his good nature.
Anger would not be seen upon his face.
He had a great degree of humility and modesty, and he was amiable, to an extent that is rarely found. He was humble with the young and the old, the rich and the poor.
He had a high level of manners, decency, uprightness, and firm resolve in all his affairs. He abstained from the unnecessary things of this world, and was one who witheld (from asking). He had selfrespect, despite his possessing very little. He felt compassion towards the poor, the needy, and the strangers. He would give money to the poor and needy students, so that they could free themselves from preoccupation with seeking a livelihood.
He loved to bring about peace and rectification between the people. His clothing was moderate in fineness, and avoided conspicuousness.
Fifthly: His life in the field of knowledge.
His overriding concern in his life was to derive the benefit of knowledge, and to utilize his time for that. So he began with memorization of the Qur·aan at an early age, and he had memorized it proficiently by the age of eleven. Then he began acquiring the rest of the branches of Islamic knowledge.
He did not restrict himself whilst seeking knowledge to a single field of knowledge; rather he studied many fields: so he studied Tafseer, Hadeeth, Creed and Belief, Fiqh, Usool, Science of Hadeeth, the sciences of the language, and other than this.
The Shaikh gave a great deal of attention to the books of the two Shaikhs of Islaam: Ibn Taimiyyah and Ibnul-Qayyim; he devoted himself to reading and revising them, and to memorising and understanding them, and to writing and abridging them..
He first sat to teach at the age of twenty three, and he used to divide his time between learning and teaching. He would spend some time in reading to the scholars, and some time in sitting to teach the students. He would also spend some time in referring to the books, and in researching within them. He would not allow any of his time to be lost without his utilising it, to such an extent that teaching in his city fell to him, and all of the students relied upon him with regard to their education.
Sixthly: His Shaikhs.
(1) Shaikh Ibraaheem ibn Hamd ibn Jaasir (1241-1338 H). He was the first Shaikh whom he read to. He learned from him Tafseer and Hadeeth, and the Principles (Usool) of both of them.
(2) Shaikh Muhammad ibn `Abdil-Kareem ash-Shibl (1257-1343 H). He learned from him Fiqh, and its Principles, and the sciences of the Arabic Language.
(3) Shaikh Muhammad ibn ash-Shaikh `Abdil-`Azeez al-Muhammad al-Maani` (1300-1385 H). He learned from him the sciences of the Arabic Language.
(4) Shaikh Muhammad al-Ameen ash-Shanqeetee (1289-1351 H). He learned from him Tafseer, Hadeeth, Science of Hadeeth, and the sciences of the Language.
Seventhly: His students:
(1) Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saaalih al-`Uthaymeen. He took over from his Shaikh in the duty of Imaam of the Congregational Mosque of `Unayzah, and in teaching, admonishing, and delivering the khutbah.
(2) Shaikh `Abdullaah ibn `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Bassaam. Member of the Discretionary Committee in the Western Region.
(3) Shaikh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Muhammad as-Salmaan. He studied in the Imaamud-Da`wah Institute in ar-Riyaad, and he followed the path of his shaikh in authorship.
Eighthly: His writings:
Shaikh Ibn Sa`dee -rahimahullaah- gave great attention to writing works. He produced many works in the different fields of Islamic knowledge. Some have been printed, while others are, as yet, unprinted. So from the printed works are:
1- ‘al-Adillatul-Qawaati` wal-Baraaheen fee Ibtaal Usoolil-Mulhideen’;
2- ‘al-Irshaad ilaa Ma`rifatil-Ahkaam’;
3- ‘Bahjatu Quloobil-Abraar wa Qurratu `Uyoonil-Akhyaar fee Sharh Jawaami`il-Akhbaar’, and it is presently being prepared and attended to;
5- ‘at-Tawdeeh wal-Bayaan lishajaratil-Eemaan’;
6- ‘at-Tanbeehaatul-Lateefah feemahtawat `alaihil-Waasitiyyah minal-Mabaahithil-Muneefah’;
7- ‘Tayseerul-Kareemir-Rahmaan fee Tafseer Kalaamil-Mannaan’;
8- ‘ad-Durratul-Mukhtasarah fee Mahaasin Deenil-Islaam’;
9- ‘Risaalah fil-Qawaa`idil-Fiqhiyyah’;
10- ‘Risaalah Lateefah Jaami`ah fee Usoolil-Fiqhil-Muhimmah’; and it is before your eyes, along with annotations upon it;
11- ‘Tareequl-Wusool ilal-`Ilmil-Ma·mool bima`rifatil-Qawaa`id wad-Dawaabit wal-Usool’;
12- ‘al-Fataawas-Sa`diyyah’.They were gathered after his death -rahimahullaahu ta`aalaa.
13- ‘al-Qawaa`idul-Hisaan li-Tafseeril-Qur·aan’;
14- ‘al-Qawlus-Sadeed fee Maqaasidit-Tawheed’;
15- ‘Manhajus-Saalikeen wa Tawdeehul-Fiqh fid-Deen’;
16- ‘al-Wasaa·ilul-Mufeedah lil-Hayaatis-Sa`eedah’.
Ninthly: His illness and death:
He fell ill in the year 1371 H, i.e. five years before his death, with the illness of high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis, and it would strike him time after time, and he bore it patiently, until he moved on to his Lord, at the time of Fajr, on Thursday the 22nd of Jumaadal-Aakhirah 1376 H – may Allaah forgive him, and his parents, and our parents, and all of the Muslims.
[Compiled by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank]